Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders are the conditions when a person can not fall asleep or when sleeping patterns of a person are distorted. Nowadays, a lot of people have such sleep disorders as chronic insomnia, sleep apnea, the syndrome of restless legs, and many others. Insomnia is one of the prevailing sleep disorders in our times, which is connected with problems to fall asleep and inability to sleep even in perfect sleeping environment. Sleep apnea is another sleep disorder, which is connected with too slow or too shallow breathing during sleep, or with pauses in breathing that may last up to a minute. Finally, sleepwalking is a type of sleep disorder when a sleeping person is engaged in some activities associated with walking.

Sleep disorders can be caused by combinations of various factors. Those include, first of all, excessive anxiety and worry, stresses and other negative psychological conditions. Besides, excessive consumption of such chemicals as nicotine, caffeine or some stimulants can also cause sleep disorders. Such factors as back pains, neck pains, menstruation pains or other pains, obesity, high blood pressure, some illnesses can be reasons of problematic sleeping. Physical activities and eating before going to bed, working at night can result in sleep disorders, too. Finally, many people do not care about their sleeping environment and try to sleep on uncomfortable beds, in a light or noisy environment, etc.

Fortunately, modern medicine can offer a series of options for successful treatment of sleep disorders. Insomnia can be treated by medical (using sleeping pills, sedatives, melatonin, benzodiazepines and other medicines) and psychological (cognitive therapy, relaxation, meditation, aromatherapy, acupuncture, hypnotherapy, etc.) methods. Sleep apnea is usually treated by the method of continued positive airway pressure that helps to keep a person’s airway opened and ventilated during the sleep. Treatment of sleepwalking includes such measures as having benzodiazepines and antidepressants, self-hypnosis and anticipatory awakenings, creating safe and comfortable environment for sleeping, and so on.

One Response to Sleep Disorders

  1. Avalon says:

    This is very helpful especially sleep problems caused by cognitive behavioral factors such as caffeine dependence, altered sleep pattern and stress.

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