Stresses And Stress Management Techniques
Stress is a reaction of our body on some extreme conditions, connected with possible danger, threat, problem, bad news, and so on. There are acute (short-term) stresses and chronic (lasting) stresses. Acute stresses are sudden stresses which cause a rapid response and certain changes in our body. Chronic stresses are continuous conditions, which usually result in greater changes and can cause serious health problems. In some situations, acute stresses are considered to be beneficial, because they help a person to mobilize own resources. However, chronic stresses are usually harmful.
All factors or circumstances that cause stresses are called stressors. Currently, such aspects as family matters, health issues, money and problems at work are the most common stressors, which are usually associated with chronic stresses. Acute stresses can be caused by hunger, noise, crowd, infection, isolation and other factors. Also, there are internal and external stressors. Internal stressors include personal factors like a sickness, worry, anxiety and other psychological condition, etc. External stressors include all external aspects which cause stresses, such as problems at work, unsuccessful relationships, abuse, and so on.
The signs and symptoms of stresses vary depending on person’s psychology and sensitivity to stressful conditions. Light and moderate stresses usually cause increased heart rate, tension, anxiety, blood pressure changes, headaches, and so on. Strong acute stresses can have more harmful effects on our body and mind, such as dead faint, nervous breakdown, panic attacks, hysteria, and others. If the mentioned symptoms show for more than 2-3 weeks, it is necessary to seek professional help.
At the same time, chronic stresses always impact our overall health and well-being to a greater extent. The experts warn us of negative effects of such stresses, including risks of obesity, heart problems, anxiety disorders, depression, sleeplessness, etc. Chronic stresses can become a reason of continuous anxiety, chronic insomnia, phobias, stomachache, heartache, as well as make us more vulnerable to infections, colds and other diseases, increase our risks for having a heart attack or developing a personality disorder, and so on.
As acute stress management techniques, specialists recommend using as relaxation, deep (diaphragmatic) breathing, hypnosis and others. For chronic stress reduction it is possible to use such effective treatments as cognitive behavioral therapy, séances of group meditation and yoga, self-hypnosis and positive thinking, therapeutic anti-stress massages and exercises, and so on. In our times, it is absolutely essential for everyone to master various stress management techniques and develop certain immunity to stressful conditions. Knowing how to cope with stresses and keep our emotions under control can help us to overcome difficulties, increase own productivity and efficiency, improve own self-discipline and be more focused, as well as achieve more of important goals in our life.