Counseling Approaches: Psychodynamic And Cognitive Behavioral Tharapies

Psychodynamic counseling approach is concentrated on unconscious perception and feelings. This approach takes source from psychoanalysis of Freud and is focused on determining and improving of psychological function, which was not properly developed since the childhood. Such malfunction brings to discomfort and must be corrected by psychodynamic therapy. Using this approach counseling specialists discover the root of behavioral or psychological disorder, define it for the individual and offer special therapy.

counseling approachesFrequently this approach includes analysis of unconscious reaction of a person through interpersonal patterns. There are a lot of specific techniques, which are used by the specialists of psychodynamic therapy, like interpersonal interpretation, free association, childhood experience, working through past, etc. This approach differs from the others with its applicability to the clients with good flexibility and ability to plunge into their past in order to understand and improve their present.

Cognitive behavioral approach is, probably, the most popular strategy in practice; it is very effective for treatment of such spread psychological disorders like depression, phobias, anxiety, etc. This approach is more general and its main characteristic is concentration of the therapist on analyzing “thoughts” and “thinking” of a person as a reason of psychological disorder. In other words, the therapist tries to analyze the influence of thoughts and perception of this world on behavior, to find out negative feelings and to help in replacing them with healthy positive emotions.

Cognitive behavioral approach also includes some different specific strategies, for example, rational behavior or rational living therapy, rational emotive therapy, and others. There is quite wide range of special techniques, like brainstorming, self-talk, evaluating evidence, target actions, modifying beliefs, etc., which can be used within this approach and chosen by a specialist accordingly to particular details of a situation. Bibliotherapy (reading therapy), being a part of cognitive behavioral strategy, received huge popularity and gives with brilliant results when treating moderate depressions.

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