Counseling Approaches: Existential-Humanistic, Experiental And Integrated Approaches

Existential-Humanistic and Experiential approach is based on practical experience of human being and humanistic knowledge, which helps to treat individuals with psychological disturbances. This strategy can be used for consulting people, who suffer from unsatisfied needs and unfulfilled potential, and to form their priorities in satisfying personal requirements.

Integrated ApproachUnlike previously mentioned Cognitive behavioral approach, which analyzes psychology from more “scientific” positions, Existential approach means using philosophic basis and understanding, what is human being. The most known works on Humanistic approach are: the Concept of Self-actualization and other theories of A. Maslow, and also Gestalt Therapy (based on the concept “now and here”).

Integrated approach is a strategy, which combines two or more approaches, according to the particularities of an individual case. The specialist, who uses Integrated approach, analyzes the situation and creates a special program for a client, using advantages and benefits of any/some above mentioned approaches or strategies. Category of Systems is frequently used in Family Therapy and Counseling.

Modern researches discovered that, taking into account all the differences, there is no approach, which can demonstrate better efficiency than the others. Specialists underline that the key for successful therapy is developed personal skills and establishing of good contact between customer and therapist. Nevertheless, there are definite types of disorders and distresses, which can be better treated by using the techniques of specified approach (for example, Cognitive Behavioral therapy is the best for treating people suffering from panic disorders, etc.).

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