Plan B: Morning After Pill

So-called “morning-after pill”, which is also known as emergency contraception or PCP (post-coitus pill), is a type of contraception pill, which has to be taken not before an unprotected sexual intercourse, but within 24-72 hours after it. The latest chemical version of this pill contains a high dose of such female-type hormone as progestin (levonorgestrel). There are some principal ways PCP works: it can cause delay of ovulation, block fertilization of the egg or prevent implantation of newly fertilized egg (embryo).

PCP can be taken as an effective method of contraception in the cases, when a woman had an act of unprotected sexual intercourse and does not want to get pregnant. Also, she can use morning-after pill when primarily applied method of contraception failed by some reason. For example, if the condom broke, or birth control pills were not taken in time, then emergency contraception can become a good decision to avoid unwanted pregnancy.

morning after pillIt also can be used when a woman, who takes regular contraception pills, has had a tummy upset, or when she is not certain if she may have ‘missed’ her pill (together with its effectiveness against possible pregnancy). Finally, in the situations when rape or other sexual assaults take place, emergency contraception offers an essential alternative to the prospects of abortion or undesired motherhood.

Possible side-effects of taking morning-after pill are not much different from usual side-effects of taking other contraception pills. Specialists say that PCP can cause nausea, headache, dizziness, pain or heaviness in breasts, and slight vaginal bleeding. Emergency contraception can affect regularity of menstruation. Also, doctors underline that pregnancy (as one of possible side-effects) can be avoided with very high probability only if the pill was taken within 24 hours after unprotected sexual intercourse.

Certainly, PCP can not protect from sexually transmitted diseases, including AIDS/HIV, because emergency contraception belongs to hormonal methods of protection. Therefore, women must remember that only condom protects against STD, and such form of contraception still remains the safest. Another drawback of emergency contraception is limitation on using such pills. For example, Postinor must not be taken more than 2-4 times per month; otherwise it may lose effectiveness and become very harmful to female organism.

Plan BBut, generally speaking, morning-after pill is quite safe and can be taken by the majority of women without any fear. Moreover, according to recent medical tests, PCP does not affect or harm fetus in cases, when a woman gets pregnant even after taking the pill. The only risk group is the females, who have serious liver disorders or suffer from a rare disease, called porphyria.

Undoubtedly, there are other advantages of emergency contraception. It is supposed to be a secure and quite affordable treatment women can use at any time and place. For the females, who got pregnant after a sexual assault, PCP can be an essential need. Any woman, who became a victim of rape, should definitely be offered such a pill as soon as possible. It is proved by the tests that the pill prevents about 89 % of unwanted pregnancies when taken within 24 hours after unprotected sexual intercourse.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *