Symptoms And Causes Of Dementia


Most prominent symptoms of dementia are cognitive dysfunction including in memory, learning, attention, judgment, orientation and language skills. All victims experience a steady decline in cognitive and physical abilities and some ending in death. The last stage of this are unable to communicate, incontinent and may be unable to walk.

People with dementia often have one or more of the following; memory loss, especially of more recent events. In the early stages they misplace objects or forgot what they were planning to do. Difficulty finding their way around, especially in new or unfamiliar surroundings. Problems findings the correct words, poor concentration, problems learning new ideas or skills, psychological problems such as irritable, saying or doing inappropriate things and becoming depressed, paranoid or aggressive and severe mental and physical problems including loss of speech, immobility and incontinence.

The development of symptoms are from Introspective unsure of self to difficulty in coping with work and ordinary routine (retained insight) then to loss of insight, behavioral changes, loss of inhibition then to long-term care (can not be left unattended) and mutism, incontinence and lastly death.Based on cause is trauma, the head injury or “punch drunk” syndrome. The most common causes is Alzheimer’s disease (caused by the destruction of certain brain cells). Vascular or blood vessel dementia caused by small blood vessel in brain becoming blocked that causing a gradual decline in mental ability. And can caused by excess alcohol intake or syphilis.

The rate of progression depends upon the underlying cause. Intellectual function, the acute, subacute and chronic. The duration of history helps establish the cause of dementia; Alzheimer’s disease is slowly progressive over years, whereas encephalitis may be rapid over weeks. Dementia due to cerebrovascular disease appears to occur “stroke by stroke”. All dementias show a tendency to be accelerated by change of environment, intercurrent infection or surgical procedures.

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