Children And AIDS

Certainly, HIV/AIDS affects children around the world. According to UNIADS report, in 2009 about 2.5 mln children had HIV, but this data may even not reflect the real situation due to substantial lack of HIV monitoring devices in African regions, where 80% of HIV affected people live.  This terrible epidemic endangers health and well-being of thousands of today’s children, especially in the developing countries like Kenya, Nigeria, Congo, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, and many more. This is a direct threat to normal development of our society and the well-being of coming generations.

In the majority of cases, children get infected with AIDS from their mothers during pregnancy, giving birth or breastfeeding. Also, many children can get infected through blood transfusion or (rarely) when sharing the needle of same medical injectors. According to the reports of the experts, every year about 400,000 children get infected by this virus. At that, every one of seven people who die of AIDS is a child, and every hour, about 30 little boys or girls die of this terrible disease. This are the effects of growing occurrence of AIDS in children.

Treatment and taking care about the children affected by HIV require a lot of courage and efforts. The main medical treatment of children with AIDS is most commonly focused on prevention of getting “opportunistic infections”. Due to extending variety of medications for such infections, the amount of children’s deaths caused by these diseases (first of all, pneumonia) is recently drastically decreasing. However, the situation is certainly remaining very serious, especially in the developing countries like the ones mentioned above.

It is very important to take all necessary precautions against transmission of HIV from affected children to other people. Also, it is quite necessary to inform the members of the surrounding community (like school teachers or parents of close friends) about such disease of the child. Of course, children affected by AIDS must always remain under intensive supervision of pediatricians and other special doctors. Also, it is crucial to undertake all necessary precautions to prevent HIV mother-to-child transmission and eleminate the possibilities of children being infected by this terrible virus in medical setting.

Finally, another very important way of reducing the occurrence of AIDS in children is educating them and especially giving young people as much as possible information about such risk factors as drug abuse or sexual health. It is possible to achieve by launching extensive informational programs in schools, involving mass media, social establishments, and so on.

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