Partial-Birth Abortion

Partial Birth AbortionPartial Birth Abortion is a common term to refer to medical procedure of Intact Dilation and Extraction (IDX) as a method of interrupting pregnancy at its late terms. Partial Birth Abortion is a special procedure of abortion, which includes extermination and intact removal of the fetus from mother’s body. It can be successfully performed in the late second or third trimester of pregnancy, or in 20-26 weeks of it.

As a rule, the surgical procedure consists of the following stages: (1) the abortionist turns the unborn baby into the position feet first; (2) abortionist pulls the baby from the mother’s body until all but the head is exposed; (3) abortionist with the help of special scissors with the catheter enters into the base of the baby’s skull and to removes the baby’s brain out; (4) after effective collapse of baby’s skull easy removal of dead baby’s body from the mother is allowed. All the procedure must be made under local anesthesia and in properly equipped hospital operation room.

First theoretical and practical researches of using technology of IDX for abortion were carried out in early 1990th by Doctor W. Martin Haskell from Dayton, Ohio, who is supposed to be the main “inventor” of Partial Birth Abortion. He wrote principle instructional documents for IDX abortionists. In 1992 he started applying method of Dilation and Extraction as an alternative way to regularly used method of fetus dismemberment in late pregnancy stages, and he carried out more than thousand IDX operations. Dr. Haskell used to underline the main advantages of this method as quickness and relatively low risks; also he named the main disadvantages of it: the necessity of involvement of only experienced skilled surgeon to perform this operation and its possible danger for some women with poor health.

The other medical specialist, who conducted pioneer researches and widely practiced Partial Birth Abortion, was Doctor James McMahon. Till summer 1995 he performed more than 2,000 acts of Partial Birth Abortion, and in his reports he classified the most frequent reasons of these abortions as the following: about 56% of Partial Birth Abortion cases became the results of diagnosed fetal flaws or sicknesses, like Down syndrome or cystic hydroma; about 22% of cases were caused by extreme psychological pressure and depression of future mothers; about 16% of cases became the solution of physical problems and conditions conflicting with giving normal birth (too small pelvis or prolapsed uterus, etc.) Dr. McMahon was frequently speaking about moral backgrounds of performing Partial Birth Abortion, saying that if a mother wants to kill a child even at such late stages, it is better not to prohibit it, because what kind of mother would she be?

One more specialist on early development and popularization of Partial Birth Abortion was an Australian Doctor David Grundman, director of Planned Parenthood Center. He used to make speeches and addresses to public, promoting Partial Birth Abortion and supporting his mission with a variety of social reasons. He used to broaden the list of the main benefits of using this type of abortion for pregnant women in late terms, and his main arguments were opportunity to use less dangerous local anesthesia, relatively low risks of complications for a woman, low costs of the procedure and quite short time period, required for performing Partial Birth Abortion.

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