The Pros And Cons Of Full Inclusion of Disabled Students
There are many advantages of inclusion of disabled students for normal children of the classroom. First of all, this is a good opportunity for them to learn more and to get familiar with disabled people, to observe their life and problems, to see the way they are struggling and trying to reach success. Therefore, disabled children can become also a sort of model for normal students, showing their insistence to overcome challenges of nature or fate. Studying together can help non-disabled children to develop tolerance, understanding, sympathy, and kindness towards their disabled classmates, to learn how to satisfy their special needs.
Close collaboration between both groups of children can result in increasing of responsibility of normal students, and stimulate their understanding that disabled people require additional help and concern. Moreover, inclusion can assist non-disabled students to develop positive approach to people, who are different, and not to take differences (not only as to health, but also by race, nationality, social position, etc.) as something bad or negative. Studying together with disabled children, normal students will learn how to appreciate their own abilities and skills, how to become hardworking and persistent to achieve success in life.
But there are also some negative moments in inclusion. In the majority of cases, disabled children feel uncomfortable in regular schools among normally developed children. There is a great deal of negative reaction and attitude, first of all, from non-disabled classmates (like teasing, indifferent or ignoring behavior, making fun, etc.), and even inadequate approach from the side of teachers and administrative personnel, making the study process unbearably hard and far than unpleasant.
Besides, increasing of psychological and mental responsibilities of disabled children can cause stress and nervous tension. In anyway, a child understands own disability. That is why he or she chooses own special realistic aims to achieve and directs all the strength and skills to advance in that direction, though sometimes the efforts can seem absurd and ridiculous from the point of view of normal children. Understanding of own natural disadvantage and disability together with natural fear of human differences from other students, can damage psychology of a child very much.
More important is the fact, that in public schools many disabled students suffer from the absence of specially trained teaching personnel to guide and to assist them in studying along with normal children. Besides, in regular schools there is an obvious lack of special services and facilities, which are required for disabled children.
In case of inclusion, non-disabled children can not receive proper attention of their teachers, because studying together with the disabled requires a lot of additional efforts and time from the educators. Often teachers feel stressed and anxious with the presence of disabled students, expecting some disabilities and slowdowns in their comprehension also. It results with problems in educational process for both groups, but especially for usual children, and it causes distractions and losses of attention.
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